Part B of a presentation to the Land Transport Summit.
Prepared by Owen McShane based on edited extracts from an essay by Randal O’Toole
of the Thoreau Institute.
Halle-Neustadt is a bedroom community built between 1964 and 1990 for about 100,000
people on the outskirts of the manufacturing city of Halle, in East Germany.
Randal O’Toole of the US Thoreau Institute, first became aware of Halle-Neustadt at a 1998
San Francisco conference on “Sustainable Transportation” at which two planners from the
University of Stockholm declared it to be one of the most sustainable (i.e., least ‘autodependent’)
cities in the developed world. (Note their assumption that “autos” are unsustainable.)