An Immigration Profile of Winnipeg

A comprehensive demographic snapshot of recent Winnipeg immigrants shows that they benefit the community
Published on July 23, 2003


Winnipeg’s share of Canada’s immigrant population declined over the last two decades.

Winnipeg receives a higher proportion of refugees than the rest of Canada, but Filipinos represent the largest ethnic percentage. Family reunification brings more new immigrants to Manitoba than to other provinces, and the average age of immigrants is therefore higher.

Nine out of ten newer immigrants speak English, and younger ones tend to be better educated. Although older immigrants generally report lower education levels than native-born Canadians, over time they achieve near parity. Immigrant families are larger in size, and birth rates are higher. Rates of labour force participation start out lower for new arrivals and even lower for younger ones, but quickly exceed those of the pre-existing population. These rates correlate directly with education levels, but even the well-trained are having difficulty obtaining work that reflects their skill levels.

Immigrants gravitate in larger numbers to sales and processing jobs, but in time move into supervisory roles at the same rate as established residents. Fewer fully leverage their education levels, but rates of income eventually reach the same level. Newer and younger immigrants tend to receive fewer government transfers than native Canadians, but surprisingly those who arrived prior to 1981 do collect transfers at higher rates. Income levels for recent immigrants start low, but rapidly reach parity, and pre-1981 immigrants tend to have higher incomes than the Canadian-born.

Read 10 page backgrounder in pdf format – An Immigration Profile of Winnipeg

See related Policy Series Paper 17 – PS 17 Should We Close Our Borders

Featured News


Why We Should Be Skeptical Of The Hydrogen Economy

Why We Should Be Skeptical Of The Hydrogen Economy

At first glance, using highly variable, intermittent, inexpensive renewable energy to produce hydrogen for energy supply stabilization seems logical. However, renewable energy is not always readily available. The concept of hydrogen as a ‘buffer,’ akin to a battery,...

Keep or Can the New Canada Water Agency?

Keep or Can the New Canada Water Agency?

In May, the federal government announced it was creating a new organization called the Canada Water Agency.   It will have a 5-year budget of $85 million, staff of 215, half of which will be located at a new headquarters in Winnipeg. This is part of a broader effort...

Residential School Recrimination, Repentance, and Reality

Residential School Recrimination, Repentance, and Reality

Allegations of widespread abuse against children who were said to have been forced to attend Canada’s Indian Residential Schools were uncommon before the last of them was shuttered in 1996. That was the year the Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples...